The Nechako White Sturgeon Recovery Initiative (NWSRI) and Carrier Sekani Tribal Council (CSTC) recognize that First Nation people have lived in harmony with white sturgeon, utilizing and sustaining the population in this system for time immemorial. The recruitment problems currently facing the Nechako white sturgeon were not caused by the sustainable harvest or practices of First Nation people. Regardless the Nechako white sturgeon population has reached a critically low level and now all people must take an active role before it is too late to recover this magnificent fish. In addition to our research programs that focus on identifying the problem(s) and determining ways to fix the habitat and overall health of the Nechako watershed, we are conducting a hands-on outreach program with some of the stewards of this magnificent fish. Our focus is on an urgent need to maintain the existing wild breeding stock while we continue to attempt to secure funding for a Recovery Facility and work towards solving the recruitment problem so this population can once again become self-sustaining.
Emergency live release in action! Check out this great video of a Nechako White Sturgeon being live released by a Nak'azdli band member. These guys worked calmly and quickly to release this fish with minimal stress. Thanks to the Aboriginal Business and Community Development Centre for sharing this video. Click here to view the video
We are extremely pleased with the results of this program! From its pilot in 2011 to December 2015 we have documented the live release of 55 sturgeon as compared with 7 mortalities. The program now extends into the fall char and ling cod fishing season for those Bands that participate in that fishery.
In 2011, the program was piloted by Saik’uz and Tl’azt’en First Nations. During the 2011 gill net salmon fishery 11 sturgeon were live released using the ‘Emergency Sturgeon Release Boat kit’ by those two Bands and one sturgeon mortality was reported.
In 2012, 11 sturgeon were live released by fisher family members of Saik’uz, Tl’azt’en and Lheidli T’enneh First Nations. Two sturgeon mortalities were reported.
In 2013, 14 sturgeon were live released by fisher family members of Nak'azdli, Saik’uz, Tl’azt’en and Lheidli T’enneh First Nations. Three sturgeon mortalities were reported.
In 2014, 12 sturgeon were live released by fishers in Nak'azdli, Tl'azt'en, Lheidli T’enneh, and Stellaten First Nations. One sturgeon mortality was reported.
In 2015, 7 sturgeon were live released by fishers in Tl'azt'en and Lheidli T'enneh. We are in the process of confirming the 2015 results. The 2015 FSC salmon fishery saw less people fishing because of the low spring/summer returns.
Although the program is offered to the 7 First Nation communities each year not all participate. Our goal is the voluntary participation of all First Nation fisher families within the Nechako watershed.
The First Nation Food, Social and Ceremonial (FSC fishery) salmon fishery is known to result in the by-catch of mature, breeding sturgeon. This FSC fishery is conducted using gill nets and as a result an unknown number of sturgeon are by-caught in these nets each fishing season. The idea for the Emergency Sturgeon Release Boat Kit Program began when the NWSRI and CSTC was informed that some sturgeon were dying as a result of being caught in these nets. When asked why accidental by-catch of sturgeon were not released alive from gill nets the overwhelming response was damage to the net and a lack of knowledge on how to successfully release a live sturgeon. This knowledge led to the 2011/12 fiscal pilot program: The Emergency Sturgeon Release Boat Kit program.
The Boat Kit program has three main components: (1) kit small enough to remain in the boat at all times and containing all of the tools necessary for a successful live release; (2) a video, Every Sturgeon Counts: Live Release of Gill Netted Sturgeon, and (3) an on-site community bycatch monitor that can explain the program, why participation is critical to the future survival of the Nechako white sturgeon, and help release sturgeon caught in a net.
**The goal of the boat kit program is an immediate reduction in the harm and deaths of sturgeon in the Nechako-Stuart-Takla and Upper Fraser systems in the First Nation gill net fishery.**
Beginning part way through the 2011 fishing season, in an attempt to save the sturgeon in this system from extinction, the NWSRI in partnership with the CSTC requested that fishers live release any white sturgeon caught during the gill net fishery. As a commitment to this Recovery Initiative the NWSRI and CSTC now provide up to 30 kits (20 kits in 2011 and 2012 and 30 kits in 2013) to First Nation fisher families. We are not offering this program to sport fisheries for sturgeon because those have been closed in the North since 2000.
The aim of this program is an immediate reduction of direct mortality of the Nechako White Sturgeon through close associations with First Nations fisher communities. Successful implementation of a live sturgeon release not only decreases adult sturgeon mortality but also fosters empowerment at the individual and community levels in the Recovery Initiative. Each year the following 7 First Nation bands are invited to participate: Saik'uz First Nation, Nak'azdli First Nation, Tl'azt'en First Nation, Takla First Nation, Nadleh Whut'en First Nation, Stellat'en First Nation, and Lheidli T’enneh First Nation in the Upper Fraser. If you are a First Nation Fisher in the Nechako or Upper Fraser watersheds and would like to participate in the Emergency Sturgeon Release Boat kit program please contact the NWSRI coordinator.
The following program conditions apply:
* Boat kits must be signed out with the name, address and contact information of the person(s) responsible for the kit.
* Boat kit must be kept in the fishing boat at all times.
* Tools for the boat kit are for the sole purpose of releasing sturgeon from a net. Tools are not to be used for personal use or removed from the kit for purposes other than releasing by-catch.
* Proof of a sturgeon release is required to obtain further webbing if the net is damaged as a result of the release. Please note each kit contains a waterproof camera for documentation.
* All sturgeon caught (alive or dead) must be reported to the NWSRI and/or CSTC.
* The boat kit must be returned to NWSRI, CSTC or your Band Office or Catch monitor at the end of each years fishing season.
We designed an Emergency Sturgeon Live Release Boat Kit which provides the tools necessary for the successful live release of by-caught sturgeon and is small enough to remain within the boat at all times. Kits were developed in conjunction with First Nation Fisher Families, CSTC and NWSRI members. The Boat Kit also contains net mending tools and the webbing required to patch a gill net as damage to the net may result from the live release. Each kit contains the following items enclosed within a see-through waterproof bag:
* 1 knife – to cut the fish out of the gill net.
* 1 plier – to aid in releasing the fish and/or to remove hooks.
* 1 soft measuring tape – to record the measurements of fish.
* 1 pair of large gloves – to avoid cuts from sharp scutes.
* 2 m of soft rope - to make a noose for the tail to help hold the fish
* 1 roll of electrical tape – to tape off ends of the rope so it does not unravel after being cut.
* 1 net mending kit - 2 mending needles and 1, 15 x 15 mending patch to mend the damage to the net from the live release. The 2 types of needles are: Norwegian net needle ¾ x 10 and No. 5 white net needle 6 ¾ x 7/8 in
* Webbing (or mesh) for a 15 x 15 patch
* 1 waterproof camera (disposable) – for verification and sturgeon related pictures. NWSRI will develop the film at no cost to you upon the camera’s return.
* 1 datasheet on waterproof paper – for recording sturgeon measurements.
* 1 pencil – to record information on datasheets.
* A quick notes project information form.
A roll of additional webbing is available upon request to further fix nets that have been damaged due to the live release of an entangled sturgeon. Anyone requesting additional webbing must provide the required proof of a live sturgeon release. Kits are the property of NWSRI and CSTC and must be returned at the end of each fishing season. Each year, the NWSRI will endeavour to obtain funding to replenish each kit.
Saik’uz First Nation fishing members live release a Nechako white sturgeon using the tools in the Boat Kit after it was caught in a gill net set during the FSC salmon fishery, 2011.
We created the video: “Every Sturgeon Counts: Live Release of Gill Netted Sturgeon”. This video details how to live release sturgeon caught in a gill net and how to mend a net damaged as a result of a live release. The video is 45 minutes long and contains footage of the live release of a large and small sturgeon from a gill net that were caught during the 2011 FSC salmon fishery. It is partitioned into 6 chapters which allow the viewer to forward to the chapter of interest: Defining the Problem - Recruitment Failure; Salmon, Sturgeon and First Nations; the Boat Kit; You’ve Caught a Sturgeon; Net Mending; and Stewards of the Sturgeon. Providing the video in chapters allows the viewer to forward to their chapter of interest. To view Every Sturgeon Counts: Live Release of Gill Netted Sturgeon on U-Tube click here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhrEJUEi-ow&feature=colike
During the winter 2011-12, the NWSRI in conjunction with the CSTC hosted an assembly on the plight of the sturgeon of the Nechako-Stuart-Takla system at each Band’s community hall. At this assembly we featured our “emergency sturgeon release boat kit” and discussed sturgeon biology and conservation measures. We provided a PowerPoint presentation on sturgeon and played the video “Every Sturgeon Counts” that was created to go with our emergency sturgeon release boat kit. A sign-up sheet was provided to identify fisher families interested in receiving a boat kit. We also solicited member feedback regarding how NWSRI can be most effective at saving the remaining sturgeon of the Nechako-Stuart-Takla system, for example, we asked if there were specific outreach programs we should try to offer that would benefit sturgeon. A member and Councillor of the Saik’uz First Nation Band delivered the majority of the presentations.
Beginning in 2014 the NWSRI, through our partnership with the Carrier Sekani Tribal Council, hired an on-site community bycatch monitor for each participating Nation. This person can explain the program, why participation is critical to the future survival of the Nechako white sturgeon, and help release sturgeon caught in a net. This person is normally a member of the community. The NWSRI will continue to offer each participating community a bycatch monitor position as long as funding can be secured.
The "boat kit" should be viewed as more than just a set of tools but also a method that further allows for people and communities to take a leadership role in the plight of the white sturgeon. We believe that this program provides a realistic solution to the current fishing situation – L. Ciarniello, Recovery Coordinator.
Your help can make a difference now and for future generations.
If you are a First Nation Fisher in the Nechako or Upper Fraser watersheds and would like to participate in the Emergency Sturgeon Release Boat kit program please contact the NWSRI coordinator or Christina Ciesielski, CSTC Fisheries Manager at 250-562-6279.
To see MORE PHOTOS of the Emergency Boat Kit Program materials click here, or visit the photo gallery page.
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